Tension Headache

Tension Headache

Tension Headache Tension headache has been defined by the Ad Hoc Committee on classification of headache as an “ache or sensation of tightness, pressure, or constriction, widely varied in intensity, frequency and duration: long lasting and commonly suboccipital (base of skull at the back), associated with sustained contraction of skeletal muscles, usually as part of the individual’s reaction during life stress”. Other descriptions of Tension headache include ‘hatband’ tightness around the head and ‘a weight…

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Menstrual Migraines

Menstrual Migraines

Menstrual Migraines Migraine attacks occurring in women during menstruation are often more severe than attacks occurring at other times. The fluctuation in hormonal levels during the menstrual cycle and especially prior to menstruation is believed to make the sufferer more susceptible at that time. Some researchers report an ‘oestrogen priming’ effect during a womens normal menstrual cycle whereby the sudden drop in oestrogen prior to menstruation precipitates a withdrawal response leading to migraine. These theories…

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Cervicogenic (Neck) Headaches

Cervicogenic (Neck) Headaches

Cervicogenic Headache Upper neck problems are a common cause of referred pain into the head region. Research has demonstrated how the nerves in the upper neck (when irritated), can send pain signals into the head and face regions; researchers believe this happens because the nerves supplying the skin and other sensitive structures in the neck have connections with the nerves supplying the face, forehead, temples, and even behind the eyes. It therefore follows that injuries…

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Classic Migraines

Classic Migraines

Classic Migraine Approximately 20% of Migraine attacks do have an Aura. An Aura involves symptoms that precede an impending attack of head pain including- visual symptoms (blurred vision, blind spots etc) and sensory changes such as pins and needles in the face or hands and arms (amongst the most common symptoms). Classic Migraine typically involve an Aura followed by the head pain itself. Aura is believed to be due to a constriction of the blood…

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Cluster Headache

Cluster Headache

Cluster Headache Cluster Headaches are actually considered to be a sub category of Migraine and are amongst the most painful types of headaches. The onset of these headaches is typically between the ages of 20 and 40 years old with a male to female incidence of 4:1, however exceptions do occur. The term Cluster Headache arises due to these headaches occurring in clusters of a number of attacks of pain in the face or head,…

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Common Headaches

Common Headaches

Common Headache In general, headaches are amongst the most common health complaints in the modern world. Various studies performed in Australia as well as America and the UK state the frequency of headaches to be approximately seventy five percent of the population suffering one or more headaches in any one year. Includes Tension Headaches & Myofascial referred pain. The Common headache includes those headaches secondary to common conditions which are readily treatable, as well as…

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Common Migraine

Common Migraine

Common Migraine Migraine is common- affecting approximately 15% of females and 6% of males. It is believed that women are more susceptible due to the cyclic fluctuations in hormones associated with the menstrual cycle, making women more vulnerable at certain times in the cycle. Approximately 80% of Migraine attacks do not have an Aura- An Aura involves symptoms that precede an impending attack of head pain including- visual symptoms (blurred vision, blind spots etc) and…

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Neuralgia: Nerve pain

Neuralgia: Nerve pain

Neuralgia: Nerve Pain Occipital Neuralgia: This condition is believed to be due to irritation to the main sensory nerve in the back of the head; (that which supplies all of the skin and pain sensitive structures in the upper neck and back of skull). It is believed that this irritation may be caused by tightness in the muscles, joints or ligaments of the upper neck, thereby putting pressure on the nerve itself and causing it…

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Other Headaches

Other Headaches

Other Headaches: Includes :Post Traumatic Headaches, TMJ Syndrome, Toxic Headaches, Infectious Headaches, Metabolic Headaches Post Traumatic Headaches (& Concussion) Trauma can result in injury to the neck and muscles around the head region as well as the brain tissue itself and should be properly investigated, especially where an impact has occurred. Even apparently mild impacts can result in significant headaches and there may be a considerable delay in their onset after the initial trauma.The mechanisms…

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Other Migraines

Other Migraines

Other Migraines Includes :Aura without pain, Menstrual Migraines, Complicated Migraines Aura without pain Sometimes an Aura may occur without the headpain and this scenario can be seen in some types of childhood migraine where there may be nausea and even vomiting without pain in the head. An Aura may occur including the usual visual disturbances (zigzag lines and flashing lights or blind spots and possibly sensory disturbances such as numbness or tingling in the face…

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